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Changsha City

About Changsha City:

Changsha sits at the northeast of Hunan Province in south-central China, fed by the Xiang River, west of Jiangxi and south of Hubei. It is known for its warm climate and is the economic and political capital of Hunan. Thanks to its position as the central transport hub for Hunan, it is also easily reached by air, rail and road, with a limited passenger service bringing visitors by water.

By far the most exciting historical attraction at Changsha is the site of the Mawangdui Han Dynasty Tombs outside the city which were discovered in the 1970s. They contained a treasure trove of Han Dynasty artifacts, as well as three well-preserved mummies. The history of Changsha can be further explored at the Hunan Provincial Museum where Shang and Zhou bronze vessels sit alongside a collection of Yuezhou celadon porcelain and an original text of the legendary calligrapher Wang Xizhi’s most famous work "Prologue to the Orchid Pavilion Collection". Visitors can also drop in on the Changsha Hunan Xiangxiu Museum and the Hunan Museum of Geology which holds collections of dinosaur bones found in the Hunan province and a planetarium.

Changsha has a firm place in the modern history of China, as Chairman Mao-the Father of modern China - grew up in the nearby village of Shaoshan. His childhood home is now known as Chairman Mao Zedong’s Former Residence and receives visitors daily. Within the city, his former office and another residence can also be found by those interested in understanding the birth of Chinese Communism. Changsha Museum has a collection calligraphy and prose written in Chairman Mao’s calligraphy.

Yuelu Academy is the second of the most popular sights in Changsha, having been established on the slopes of Yuelu Mountain during the Song Dynasty to educate those intending to take China’s rigorous Civil Examinations and receive a classical education. It is still a thriving institute of Higher Education. Yuelu Mountain itself is known as a wonderful spot to visit, dotted with sites including the Qin Dynasty Yuelu Palace and a number of Qin Dynasty tombs including the Huangxin Tomb, the Cai’e Tomb and the Chentianhua Tomb. Hengshan Mountain just outside of Changsha home to a number of Taoist and Buddhist temples including the Nanyue Da Miao which is the largest temple in southern China. The wonderfully fragrant Orange Isle in Xiang River on which sits the Heavenly Heart Pavilion located on is another beautiful location where the views over the city are considered particularly fine.